- Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, kill 38 million people each year.
- Almost three quarters of NCD deaths — 28 million — occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- 16 million NCD deaths occur before the age of 70; more than 85% of these "premature" deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.
- Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths — 17.5 million people annually — followed by cancers (8.2 million), respiratory diseases (4 million), and diabetes (1.5 million). These 4 groups of diseases account for more than 80% of all NCD deaths.
- Tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol, and unhealthy diets all increase the risk of dying from an NCD.