A pervasive and sustained emotion that colors the perception of the world. Common examples of mood include depression, elation, anger, and anxiety.
In contrast to affect
, which refers to more fluctuating changes in emotional "weather," mood refers to a pervasive and sustained emotional "climate."
Types of mood include
- Dysphoric: an unpleasant mood, such as sadness, anxiety, or irritability.
- Elevated: an exaggerated feeling of well-being, or euphoria or elation. A person with elevated mood may describe feeling "high," "ecstatic," "on top of the world,"or "up in the clouds."
- Euthymic: mood in the "normal" range, which implies the absence of depressed or elevated mood.
- Expansive: lack of restraint in expressing one's feelings, frequently with an overvaluation of one's significance or importance.
- Irritable: easily annoyed and provoked to anger.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC. American Psychiatric Association. 2013. p. 824.