The WHO defines community health as the environmental, social, and economic resources to sustain emotional and physical well-being among people in ways that advance their aspirations and satisfy their needs in their unique environment.
It is a branch of public health which focuses on people and their role as determinants of their own and other people’s health in contrast to environmental health which focuses on the physical environment and its impact on people’s health.
It is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection, and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities.
Medical interventions that occur in communities can be classified as three categories – each one focuses on a different level and approach towards the community or population group:
. Primary healthcare programs aim to reduce risk factors and increase health promotion and prevention.
. Secondary healthcare is related to "hospital care" where acute care is administered in a hospital department setting.
. Tertiary healthcare refers to highly specialized care usually involving disease or disability management.
See reference for more information.
Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Internet. Accessed on January 12, 2020.