A broad term referring to psychotherapy, behavior analytical therapy, or a combination of the two.
In its broadest sense, the methods focus on either just behaviors or in combination with thoughts and feelings that might be causing them. Those who practice behavior therapy (they are called behaviorists) tend to look more at specific, learned behaviors and how the environment influences those behaviors. They tend to look for treatment outcomes that are objectively measurable.
Behavior therapy does not involve one specific method but has a wide range of techniques that can be used to treat a person's psychological problems.
It involves two disciplines:
- applied behavior analysis
, which focuses on the application of learning theory to assess potential behavior-change procedures; and
- cognitive behavior therapy
, which focuses on the thoughts and feelings behind mental health conditions with treatment plans in psychotherapy to lessen the issue.
The behavioral approach to therapy assumes that behavior that is associated with psychological problems develops through the same processes of learning that affects the development of other behaviors. Therefore, behaviorists view personality problems as related to the way that personality was developed. They do not look at behavior disorders as something a person has; instead, a disorder reflects how learning has influenced certain people to behave in a certain way in certain situations.
See reference for details.
Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Internet. Accessed on January 18, 2016.