A branch of medicine such as orthopedics, paediatrics, psychiatry, etc. (which requires specialist training).
World Health Organization. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. Glossary. 2009.
A specialty (or speciality) in medicine is a branch of medical practice. After completing medical school, physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple year residency to become a medical specialist.
Medical specialties can be classified along several axes:
- Surgical or internal medicine
- Age range of patients
- Diagnostic or therapeutic
- Organ-based or technique-based