A ratio of events to non-events; a measure of relative effect of an intervention that allows comparison between an intervention group and a control group.

The numerator is the intervention group; the denominator is the control group.

If the odds ratio, or OR, is > 1 the control is better than the intervention.

If the OR is < 1 the intervention is better than the control.

For example: a researcher is comparing mortality when using a statin vs. placebo. There are 10 in the statin group and 10 controls.

The odds for mortality for the statin group is 0.4 (4 of the 10 died, 4/10).

The odds for mortality for the placebo group is 0.8 (8 of the 10 died, 8/10).

The odds ratio would equal 0.5 (0.4/0.8), meaning that the odds of death when using the statin are 50% less than placebo.

The numerator is the intervention group; the denominator is the control group.

If the odds ratio, or OR, is > 1 the control is better than the intervention.

If the OR is < 1 the intervention is better than the control.

For example: a researcher is comparing mortality when using a statin vs. placebo. There are 10 in the statin group and 10 controls.

The odds for mortality for the statin group is 0.4 (4 of the 10 died, 4/10).

The odds for mortality for the placebo group is 0.8 (8 of the 10 died, 8/10).

The odds ratio would equal 0.5 (0.4/0.8), meaning that the odds of death when using the statin are 50% less than placebo.

Centre for evidence-based medicine. Glossary. Accessed on October 6, 2015.

Students 4 Best Evidence website. Accessed on January16, 2019.

Odds / Odds Ratio (OR) (n.d.) In Pallipedia. Houston: IAHPC. Retrieved from http://pallipedia.org/odds-odds-ratio-or/. Accessed on