Dementia is a progressive and largely irreversible clinical syndrome that is characterised by a widespread impairment of mental function.
Although many people with dementia retain positive personality traits and personal attributes, as their condition progresses they can experience some or all of the following: memory loss, language impairment, disorientation, changes in personality, difficulties with activities of daily living, self‑neglect, psychiatric symptoms (for example, apathy, depression or psychosis) and out‑of‑character behaviour (for example, aggression, sleep disturbance or disinhibited sexual behaviour, although the latter is not typically the presenting feature of dementia).
Dementia is associated with complex needs and, especially in the later stages, high levels of dependency and morbidity. These care needs often challenge the skills and capacity of carers and services. As the condition progresses, people with dementia can present carers and social care staff with complex problems including aggressive behaviour, restlessness and wandering, eating problems, incontinence, delusions and hallucinations, and mobility difficulties that can lead to falls and fractures. The impact of dementia on an individual may be compounded by personal circumstances such as changes in financial status and accommodation, or bereavement.
See reference for more information.
Dementia. Supporting people with dementia and their careers in health and social care. National institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) Guideline November 2006. Internet. Accessed on June 21, 2016.