The techniques of cognitive-behavioral therapies are based on the premise that dysphoric emotions arise from faulty processing that selectively filters incoming information.
One identifies faulty processing by examining "automatic thoughts" - spontaneous thoughts that occur throughout the day or following specific events.
Treatment takes the form of helping the patient to become aware of his or her automatic thoughts and the underlying assumptions.
A psychological intervention where the patient works collaboratively with the therapist to identify the effects of thoughts, beliefs and interpretations on current symptoms, emotional states and problems areas. They learn the skills to identify, monitor and then counteract problematic thoughts, beliefs and interpretations related to the target symptoms or problems.
Applications: it has been shown to help with many different types of problems.
These include: anxiety, depression, panic, phobias, stress, bulimia, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder and psychosis.
It may also help in problems related to anger, a low self esteem or physical health problems, like pain or fatigue.
Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy is a form of cognitive behavioural therapy that is provided via a stand-alone computer-based or web-based programme. It should include an explanation of the model, encourage tasks between sessions, and use thought-challenging and active monitoring of behaviour, thought patterns and outcomes. It should be supported by a trained practitioner who typically provides limited facilitation of the programme and reviews progress and outcome.
The intervention typically takes place over 9 to 12 weeks, including follow-up.