Asthma, COPD: per inhalation contains budesonide(mcg)/formoterol fumarate(mcg) 80/4.5 or 160/4.5: 2 inhalations twice daily. Not to use more than 4 inhalations/day of either strength.
Adverse drug reactions: headache, nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infections, stomach discomfort, vomiting, oral candidiasis, back pain, nasal congestion, sinusitis.
Long term inhaled corticosteroids reach systemic circulation via both the pulmonary circulation and the gastro-intestinal tract. Long-term high-dose inhaled corticosteroids have been associated with adrenal suppression.
Indications in palliative care
: reversible and irreversible airways obstruction, stridor, lymphangitis carcinomatosa, radiation pneumonitis, cough after insertion of bronchial stent.
CIMS Drug Information System. Internet. Accessed on January 10, 2016.